448. Secondary Schools: Iberian Scholasticism

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The “School of Salamanca,” founded by Francisco Vitoria, and the commentators of Coimbra are at the center of a movement sometimes called the “Second Scholastic.”



Further Reading

• J. Belda Plans, La Escuela de Salamanca y la renovación de la teología en el siglo XVI (Madrid: 2000).

• H.E. Braun, E. De Bom, and P. Astorri (eds), A Companion to the Spanish Scholastics (Leiden: 2022). 

• C. Casalini (ed.), Jesuit Philosophy on the Eve of Modernity (Leiden: 2019).

• A. Coxito, Estudos sobre filosofia em Portugal no século xvi (Lisbon: 2005).

• M. De Carvalho, “The Coimbra Jesuits’ Doctrine on Universals (1577-1606),” Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale 18 (2007), 531-43.

• J.P. Doyle, “Hispanic Scholastic Philosophy,” in J. Hankins (ed.), Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Philosophy (Cambridge: 2007), 250-69.

• T. Duve, C. Birr, and J.L. Egío García (eds), The School of Salamanca: a Case of Global Knowledge Production (Leiden: 2021).

• J.J.E. Gracia, Individuation in Scholasticism: The Later Middle Ages and the Counter-reformation (1150-1650) (Albany: 1994).

• S. Guidi and M.A. Santiago de Carvalho (eds), Pedro Da Fonseca: Humanism and Metaphysics (Turnhout: 2023).

• D. Heider, Universals in the Second Scholasticism (Bochum: 2014).

• C. Sander, “Medical Topics in the De anima Commentary of Coimbra (1598) and the Jesuits’ Attitude towards Medicine in Education and Natural Philosophy,” Early Science and Medicine 19 (2014), 76-101.


Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: the School of Salamanca



CaptainCH on 23 June 2024

How ‘modern’ will this podcast go?

I know that you plan to cover all of the philosophers of each era quite exhaustively, but is there yet a point you settled on as a good place to end the main series? Like at the turn of the millennium or up to the point where you started the podcast? Will you make an episode on yourself? And will you cover recently deceased philosophers like Kripke, Kane, and Dennett? As well as still living philosophers? Or is all of this still up in the air so to speak? 

In reply to by CaptainCH

Peter Adamson on 23 June 2024

Finish line

I think this is covered under “frequently asked questions” (link below) but the short answer is “I have no plans to stop in the foreseeable future”. I can imagine stopping in 1900 or trying to cover the 20th century, can’t really imagine tackling the 21st century though. And definitely not myself, I’ll leave that to others if anyone thinks it is worthwhile!

In reply to by Peter Adamson

CaptainCH on 25 June 2024

Finish Line

Ah, I see. I wouldn’t blame you if you didn’t wish to cover the bewildering array of people and ideas in modern analytic philosophy, although it would be really cool to see figures like Russell, Moore, and Wittgenstein eventually be covered in the podcast. And, coming from a Catholic background myself, figures from Neo-Thomism like Jacques Maritain and Elizabeth Anscombe, as well as personalist philosophers. I guess you’ll cross that bridge when you get there. Can’t wait until you get to Descartes! 

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