Atomism

9 - The Final Cut: Democritus and Leucippus

Posted on

In this episode Peter discusses the Atomists Democritus and Leucippus, and how they were responding to the ideas of Parmenides and his followers.

55 - The Constant Gardener: Epicurus and his Principles

Posted on

Peter begins to examine the philosophy of Epicurus, focusing on his empiricist theory of knowledge and his atomic physics.

121 - This is a Test: the Mu'tazilites

Posted on

A first look at the philosophical contributions of Islamic theology (kalām) and its political context, focusing on the Mu'tazilites Abū l-Hudhayl and al-Naẓẓām.

126 - High Five: al-Rāzī

Posted on

The doctor and philosopher Abū Bakr al-Rāzī sets out a daring philosophical theory involving five eternal principles: God, soul, matter, time and place.

132 - Eye of the Beholder: Theories of Vision

Posted on

Ibn al-Haytham draws on the tradition of geometrical optics to explain the mystery of human eyesight.

137 - God Willing: the Ash'arites

Posted on

Al-Ash'arī puts his stamp on the future of Islamic theology by emphasizing God’s untrammeled power and freedom.

36. Fine Grained Analysis: Kaṇāda’s Vaiśeṣika-sūtra

Posted on

The Vaiśeṣika school offers a metaphysical analysis of the world and an atomistic physics.

37. The Whole Story: Vaiśeṣika on Complexity and Causation

Posted on

The Vaiśeṣika response to Buddhist skepticism about wholes made up of parts.

280. Get to the Point: Fourteenth Century Physics

Posted on

Ockham, Buridan, Oresme and Francis of Marchia explore cosmology, atomism, and the impetus involved in motion.

284. Seeing is Believing: Nicholas of Autrecourt’s Skeptical Challenge

Posted on

The debate between Nicholas of Autrecourt and John Buridan on whether it is possible to achieve certain knowledge.

296. Morning Star of the Reformation: John Wyclif

Posted on

John Wyclif refutes nominalism and inspires the Lollard movement, which anticipated Reformation thought with its critique of the church.

334. Chance Encounters: Reviving Hellenistic Philosophy

Posted on

The rediscovery of Epicurus, Lucretius, and Sextus Empiricus spreads challenging ideas about chance, atomism, and skepticism.

433. Nature’s Mystery: Science in Renaissance England

Posted on

How scientists of the Elizabethan age anticipated the discoveries and methods of the Enlightenment (without necessarily publishing them).

Subscribe to Atomism