Sciences (e.g. astronomy, optics, zoology)

13 - Good Humor Men: the Hippocratics

Posted on 16 January 2011

Early Greek medicine up until Hippocrates, and its relation to Pre-Socratic philosophers like Empedocles.

4 comments
43 - Classified Information: Aristotle's Biology

Posted on 24 July 2011

Aristotle’s scientific outlook is perhaps best displayed in his zoology. Peter looks at his theories of inheritance, spontaneous generation, and the eternity of animal species.

18 comments
85 - Sky Writing: Astronomy, Astrology, and Philosophy

Posted on 17 June 2012

Ptolemy uses philosophy in the service of studying the stars, while philosophers of all persuasions evaluate the widespread practice of astrology.

 
15 comments
91 - James Wilberding on Nature and Neoplatonism

Posted on 25 August 2012

James Wilberding joins Peter to show that contrary to what is often claimed, Neoplatonists did make contributions to the philosophy of nature. Topics include Plotinus on the cosmos and Porphyry on embryology.

1 comments
132 - Eye of the Beholder: Theories of Vision

Posted on 8 June 2013

Ibn al-Haytham draws on the tradition of geometrical optics to explain the mystery of human eyesight.

13 comments
170 - Gad Freudenthal on Jewish Philosophy and Science

Posted on 6 April 2014

Leading scholar of medieval Jewish thought Gad Freudenthal joins Peter in a concluding episode on Andalusian thought.

0 comments
182 - Aftermath: Philosophy and Science in the Mongol Age

Posted on 28 June 2014

Philosophy and science survive and even thrive through the coming of the Mongols.

5 comments
191 - The Young Ones: Encounters with European Thought

Posted on 28 September 2014

18th and 19th century intellectuals in India and the Ottoman empire, from Shāh Walī Allāhto the Young Turks, continue Islamic traditions and grapple with European science.

3 comments
230. A Light That Never Goes Out: Robert Grosseteste

Posted on 28 June 2015

Translator, scientist and theologian Robert Grosseteste sheds light on the cosmos, human understanding, and the rainbow.

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231. Origin of Species: Roger Bacon

Posted on 4 July 2015

Roger Bacon extols the power of science based on experience and uses a general theory of "species" to explain light and vision.

4 comments
240. Animal, Vegetable, Mineral: Albert the Great’s Natural Philosophy

Posted on 8 November 2015

Albert the Great earns his nickname “universal doctor” by devoting himself to the whole of nature, from geology and botany to the study of human nature.

2 comments
281. Monica Green on Medieval Medicine

Posted on 2 July 2017

An interview with Monica Green reveals parallels between medicine and philosophy in the middle ages.

4 comments
60. The Buddha and I: Indian Influence on Islamic and European Thought

Posted on 18 February 2018

The impact of ancient Indian thought upon the Muslim scholar al-Bīrūnī and upon European thinkers like Hume, Hegel, and Schopenhauer.

4 comments
313. Queen of the Sciences: Anna Komnene and her Circle

Posted on 2 December 2018

Princess Anna Komnene makes good use of her political retirement by writing her Alexiad and gathering a circle of scholars to write commentaries on Aristotle.

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24. Professionally Speaking: The Reaction Against Ethnophilosophy

Posted on 17 March 2019

Paulin Hountondji (pictured) and other African philosophers criticize ethnophilosophy and advocate a universalist approach.

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322. Do the Math: Science in the Palaiologan Renaissance

Posted on 7 April 2019

Mathematics and the sciences in Byzantium, focusing on scholars of the Palaiologan period like Blemmydes and Metochites.

9 comments
35. Letters from the Heart: Ignatius Sancho and Benjamin Banneker

Posted on 15 September 2019

Ignatius Sancho and Benjamin Banneker make their mark on the history of Africana thought through letters that reflect on the power of sentiment.

5 comments
55. Planting the Seeds: James Africanus Beale Horton

Posted on 21 June 2020

Africanus Horton looks toward a future of self-government for West Africa beyond slavery and colonialism.

0 comments
58. A Common Circle: Anténor Firmin

Posted on 6 September 2020

Haitian anthropologist Anténor Firmin debunks racist pseudo-science and argues that inequalities among humans are caused by social, not biological, factors.

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355. Town and Gown: Italian Universities

Posted on 13 September 2020

The blurry line dividing humanism and scholastic university culture in the Italian Renaissance.

2 comments
356. I’d Like to Thank the Lyceum: Aristotle in Renaissance Italy

Posted on 27 September 2020

Aristotle’s works are edited, printed, and translated, leading to new assessments of his thought among both humanists and scholastics.

8 comments
360. Dag N. Hasse on Arabic Learning in the Renaissance

Posted on 22 November 2020

An interview with Dag Nikolaus Hasse on the Renaissance reception of Averroes, Avicenna, and other authors who wrote in Arabic.

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362. Just What the Doctor Ordered: Renaissance Medicine

Posted on 20 December 2020

Connections between philosophy and advances in medicine, including the anatomy of Vesalius.

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66. Lifting the Veil: Introducing W.E.B. Du Bois

Posted on 27 December 2020

W.E.B. Du Bois emerges as a historian, sociologist, and innovative philosophical thinker in the 1890s, and introduces his famous idea of "double consciousness."

4 comments
367. Brian Copenhaver on Renaissance Magic

Posted on 28 February 2021

Brian Copenhaver joins us to explain how Ficino and other Renaissance philosophers thought about magic.

7 comments
368. Boundless Enthusiasm: Giordano Bruno

Posted on 14 March 2021

Giordano Bruno’s stunning vision of an infinite universe with infinite worlds, and his own untimely end.

6 comments
369. The Harder They Fall: Galileo and the Renaissance

Posted on 28 March 2021

Did Galileo’s scientific discoveries grow out of the culture of the Italian Renaissance?

8 comments
80. Scholarly Contributions: African American Professional Philosophers

Posted on 11 July 2021

From the latter half of the nineteenth century to the 1970s, African Americans only rarely obtain jobs as philosophy professors but bring distinctive perspectives to the profession.

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381. More Lutheran than Luther: Philip Melanchthon

Posted on 10 October 2021

Luther’s close ally Melanchthon uses his knowledge of ancient philosophy and rhetoric in the service of the Reformation.

4 comments
85. Liam Kofi Bright on Du Bois' Philosophy of Science

Posted on 17 October 2021

Guest Liam Kofi Bright discusses Du Bois' ideal of value-free science and the place of science within his wider thought.

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388. Just Add Salt: Paracelsus and Alchemy

Posted on 16 January 2022

Paracelsus adapts the tradition of alchemical science for use in medicine, and in the process overturns the scientific theories of Aristotle and Galen.

5 comments
389. The Acid Test: Theories of Matter

Posted on 30 January 2022

Schegk, Taurellus, Gorlaeus, and Sennert revive atomism to explain chemical reactions, the composition of bodies, and the generation of organisms.

2 comments
393. The World Doesn’t Revolve Around You: Copernicus

Posted on 27 March 2022

How revolutionary was the Copernican Revolution?

10 comments
394. Best of Both Worlds: Tycho Brahe

Posted on 10 April 2022

Responses to Copernicus in the 16th century, culminating with the master of astral observation Tycho Brahe.

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395. Music of the Spheres: Johannes Kepler

Posted on 24 April 2022

Kepler combines Brahe's observations, Copernicus' astronomy, and Platonist metaphysics.

4 comments
396. Lorraine Daston on Renaissance Science

Posted on 8 May 2022

Comets! Magnets! Armadillos! In this wide-ranging interview Lorraine Daston tells us how Renaissance and early modern scientists dealt with the extraordinary events they called "wonders".

6 comments