18th and 19th century intellectuals in India and the Ottoman empire, from Shāh Walī Allāh to the Young Turks, continue Islamic traditions and grapple with European science.
Welcome to the 'History of Philosophy without any gaps' podcast...
Kātib Çelebi defends cigarettes and coffee and Khojozāda wins a prize for evaluating the Incoherence of the Philosophers, along with several other philosophical and religious debates in the Ottoman empire.
Ideas spread to Mughal India from Iran, and prince Dārā Shikūh seeks to unite the wisdom of the Upanishads with the Koran.
Sajjad Rizvi talks to Peter about Mullā Ṣadrā's views on eternity, God's knowledge and the afterlife.
Mullā Ṣadrā proposes that all things are like sharks: in constant motion.
Mullā Ṣadrā, the greatest thinker of early modern Iran, unveils a radical new understanding of existence.
Philosophy in Safavid Iran, and a look back at earlier philosophy among Shiites.