Africana Philosophy in the Twentieth Century
The third and final series in our coverage of Africana Philosophy takes us to the relatively recent past. We begin around the turn of the century with the contribution of African-American intellectuals and activists, including such luminaries as W.E.B. Du Bois and Marcus Garvey, and cover movements such as African-American socialism and the famous "Harlem Renaissance," here touching on the work of key figures like Alain Locke and Zora Neale Hurston. We will continue to examine African-American philosophy as the series proceeds, taking the story all the way up to later thinkers like Martin Luther King Jr, and Malcolm X, rounding things off with the ideas of academic philosophers like Cornel West. But the series will not restrict itself to developments in the United States. A number of the thinkers covered will hail from the Caribbean, including the major Africana philosopher Frantz Fanon, and we will of course devote ample coverage to intellectuals in Africa itself. These will include politician-philosophers like Amílcar Cabral, Kwame Nkrumah, and Nelson Mandela. As always on the podcast, we will cast a wide net, and consider the philosophical relevance of figures more often thought of as literary figures, like Ralph Ellison, James Baldwin, and Toni Morrison, and even musicians like Bob Marley. We will be joined be a number of expert interview guests to provide further depth and detail; look out for episodes featuring Liam Kofi Bright, Tommy Curry, Michael Dawson, Vanessa Wills, and many more!
• A.B. Bogues, Black Heretics, Black Prophets: Radical Political Intellectuals (New York: 2003).
• L.R. Gordon, An Introduction to Africana Philosophy (New York: 2008).
• B. Guy-Sheftall, Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought (New York: 1995).
• L. Harris, Philosophy Born of Struggle: Anthology of Afro-American Philosophy from 1917 (Dubuque: 1983).
• P. Henry, Caliban's Reason: Introducing Afro-Caribbean Philosophy (New York: 2000).
• F.L. Hord (Mzee Lasana Okpara) and J.S. Lee (eds), I Am Because We Are: Readings in Africana Philosophy, revised ed. (Amherst: 2016).
• P.E. Joseph, Waiting 'til the Midnight Hour: A Narrative History of Black Power in America (New York: 2006).
• R. July, The Origins of Modern African Thought: Its Development in West Africa During the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (New York: 1967).
• D.L. Lewis, When Harlem Was in Vogue (New York: 1981).
• T.L. Lott and J.P. Pittman (eds), A Companion to African-American Philosophy (Malden: 2003).
• J.H. McClendon III and S.C. Ferguson II, African American Philosophers and Philosophy: An Introduction to the History, Concepts, and Contemporary Issues (New York: 2019).
• J. McDade (ed.), The Philosophical Forum: Special Issue: Philosophy and Black Experience 9 (Winter-Spring 1977-1978).
• J.A. Montmarquet and W.H. Hardy (eds), Reflections: An Anthology of African American Philosophy (Belmont: 2000).
• L.T. Outlaw, Jr., On Race and Philosophy (New York: 1996).
• J.P. Pittman (ed.), African-American Perspectives and Philosophical Traditions (New York: 1996).
• R. Rabaka, Africana Critical Theory: Reconstructing the Black Radical Tradition, from W.E.B. Du Bois and C.L.R. James to Frantz Fanon and Amilcar Cabral (Lanham: 2009).
• C.J. Robinson, Black Marxism: The Making of the Black Radical Tradition (London: 1983).
• T. Serequeberhan, Our Heritage: The Past in the Present of African-American and African Existence (Lanham: 2000).
• T. Shelby, We Who Are Dark: the Philosophical Foundations of Black Solidarity (Cambridge MA: 2005)
• N.P. Singh, Black is a Country: Race and the Unfinished Struggle for Democracy (Cambridge, MA: 2005).
• P. Von Eschen, Race Against Empire: Black Americans and Anticolonialism, 1937-1957 (Ithaca: 1997).
• G. Yancy (ed.), African-American Philosophers: 17 Conversations (New York: 1998).
Episodes 68 - Africana Philosophy in the Twentieth Century
Posted on 24 January 2021
By exploring the work and activities of W.E.B. Du Bois around the turn of the twentieth century, we introduce some of the themes of our coverage of that century.1 comments
Posted on 7 February 2021
The ANA unites leading African American scholars of the early 20th century, including W.E.B. Du Bois, Paul Laurence Dunbar, William Ferris, Archibald Grimké, and Kelly Miller (pictured).0 comments
Posted on 7 March 2021
West African intellectuals like J.E. Casely-Hayford (pictured) and Mojola Agbebi build upon Edward Blyden’s ideas at the dawn of the twentieth century.2 comments
Posted on 21 March 2021
Around the time of World War One, Hubert Harrison (pictured), A. Philip Randolph, and other black socialists argue that racial oppression is caused by capitalism.2 comments
Posted on 2 May 2021
Marcus Garvey’s two wives, Amy Ashwood Garvey and Amy Jacques Garvey (pictured), establish themselves as activists in their own right and provide feminist voices within the Pan-African movement.0 comments
Posted on 16 May 2021
An interview with Michael Dawson, who explains Marcus Garvey's black nationalism and how this and other political ideologies, like socialism and liberalism, have fared from the time of Garvey down to the present day.1 comments
Posted on 30 May 2021
The artistic flowering of the 1920s known as the Harlem Renaissance raises important questions about identity and the purpose of art.0 comments
Posted on 11 July 2021
From the latter half of the nineteenth century to the 1970s, African Americans only rarely obtain jobs as philosophy professors but bring distinctive perspectives to the profession.0 comments
Posted on 19 September 2021
The career of the multi-talented activist and performer Paul Robeson, and the place of the Negro spiritual in the Harlem Renaissance.2 comments
Posted on 3 October 2021
Du Bois moves to the left, and revisits and refines older positions during the latter half of his very long life.0 comments
Posted on 17 October 2021
Guest Liam Kofi Bright discusses Du Bois' ideal of value-free science and the place of science within his wider thought.0 comments
Posted on 31 October 2021
Our first look at the emergence of the Negritude movement in Paris in the 1930s, with a focus on the early leadership of the Nardal sisters and Leon Damas.0 comments
Posted on 14 November 2021
Leopold Senghor compares different ways of knowing while developing his theory of Negritude and combining the roles of poet and politician.0 comments
Posted on 28 November 2021
Negritude thinkers Aimé and Suzanne Césaire embrace surrealism and reflect on the relationships between poetry, knowledge, and identity.0 comments
Posted on 12 December 2021
Sociologist E. Franklin Frazier critiques the Harlem Renaissance and the “black bourgeoisie” for failing to embrace values that will empower black Americans.0 comments
Posted on 26 December 2021
The Trinidadian historian and cultural critic C.L.R. James applies Marxist analysis to the Haitian Revolution, American cinema, and Shakespeare.6 comments
Posted on 9 January 2022
Two Trinidadian political thinkers: sociologist Oliver Cox analyzes the nature of racial prejudice, and historian Eric Williams connects capitalism to slavery.3 comments
Posted on 20 February 2022
Famous for his incendiary novel Native Son, Richard Wright responds in his multifaceted writings to sociology, communism, colonialism, and existentialism.0 comments
Posted on 6 March 2022
Ralph Ellison provides a new metaphor for the experience of racism in his Invisible Man and tackles topics of art and identity in his essays.2 comments
Posted on 20 March 2022
In The Fire Next Time and other writings, the essayist and novelist James Baldwin seeks to dispel the illusions surrounding racial and sexual difference.1 comments
Posted on 17 April 2022
An interview about the role of the emotions, including anger and feelings of dignity, in the non-violent protest campaign of King.0 comments
Posted on 1 May 2022
The life and career of Malcolm X up to 1963, with a focus on his separatist black nationalism and his critique of non-violent protest.3 comments
Posted on 29 May 2022
After 1963, the views of Malcolm X and MLK came closer together, on topics including internationalism, political engagement, and economics.2 comments
Posted on 12 June 2022
The Cuban activist and author Juan Rene Betancourt urges racial solidarity and reckons with the revolution under Castro and the island’s turn towards Communism.3 comments
Posted on 26 June 2022
Two Nigerian activists lead the struggle for independence, and clash over the competing values of national unity and ethnic diversity.2 comments
Posted on 10 July 2022
The first leader of independent Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah, writes against neocolonialism and in favor of socialism and Pan-Africanism.0 comments
Posted on 24 July 2022
Frantz Fanon combines psychoanalysis and existential phenomenology to diagnose neuroses deriving from the colonial condition.3 comments