55. Planting the Seeds: James Africanus Beale Horton

Posted on 21 June 2020

Africanus Horton looks toward a future of self-government for West Africa beyond slavery and colonialism.

Further Reading

• J.A.B. Horton, Physical and Medical Climate and Meteorology of the West Coast of Africa (London: 1867).

• J.A.B. Horton, West African Countries and Peoples, British and Native (London: 1868).

Online works by Horton


• A. Adeloye, Doctor James Africanus Beale Horton: West African Medical Scientist of the 19th Century (Pittsburgh: 1992).

• E.A. Ayandele, "James Africanus Beale Horton, 1835-1883: Prophet of Modernization in Africa," African Historical Studies 4 (1971): 691-707.

• C. Fyfe, Africanus Horton, 1835-1883, West African Scientist and Patriot (New York: 1972).

• J. Howell, Exploring Victorian Travel Literature (Edinburgh: 2014), ch.3.

• R. July, The Origins of Modern African Thought: Its Development in West Africa During the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (New York: 1967), ch. 6.

• A.O. Nwauwa, “Far Ahead of his Time: James Africanus Horton’s Initiatives for a West African University and His Frustrations, 1862-1871,” Cahiers d'Études Africaines 39 (1999), 107-21.

• O. Taiwo, How Colonialism Preempted Modernity in Africa (Bloomington: 2010), ch. 3.

N. wa Thiong’o, “Europhonism, Universities, and the Magic Fountain: The Future of African Literature and Scholarship,” Research in African Literatures 31 (2000), 1-11.


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