113. A Fighting God: Black Theology

Posted on 11 December 2022

After Albert Cleage and James Cone propose a liberatory interpretation of Christianity, William R. Jones wonders whether God is a white racist. We also follow Black Theology among “Womanist” authors and in South Africa.

Further Reading

• K. Brown Douglas, The Black Christ: 25th Anniversary Edition (Maryknoll: 1994).

• J.H. Cone, Black Theology and Black Power (New York: 1969).

• J.H. Cone, God of the Oppressed (New York: 1975).

• A. Cleage, The Black Messiah (New York: 1968).

• J.J. Gardiner and J.D. Roberts (eds), Quest for a Black Theology (Philadelphia, 1971).

• W.R. Jones, Is God a White Racist? A Preamble to Black Theology (Boston: 1973).

B. Moore (ed.), The Challenge of Black Theology in South Africa (Atlanta: 1974).

J.D. Roberts, Liberation and Reconciliation: A Black Theology (Philadelphia: 1971).

• J.R. Washington, The Politics of God (Boston: 1967).


D.J. Bosch, “Current and Crosscurrents in South African Black Theology,” Journal of Reliigon in Africa 6 (1974), 1-22.

• E.J. Fisher, The Reverend Albert Cleage Jr. and the Black Prophetic Tradition: A Reintroduction of The Black Messiah (Lanham: 2022).

• D.N. Hopkins, Heart and Head: Black Theology – Past, Present and Future (New York: 2002).

• D.N. Hopkins and E.P. Antonio (eds), The Cambridge Companion to Black Theology (Cambridge: 2012).

• M.J. Jones, Christian Ethics for Black Theology: The Politics of Liberation (Nashville: 1974).

• S. Mitchem, Introducing Womanist Theology (Maryknoll: 2002).

• M. Schoffeleers, “Black and African Theology in Southern Africa: A Controversy Re-Examined,” Journal of Religion in Africa 18 (1988), 99-124.

• G.S. Wilmore, Black Religion and Black Radicalism (Garden City: 1972).


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