402. Life is Not Enough: Medicine in Renaissance France
Challenges to Galenic medical orthodoxy from natural philosophy: Jean Fernel with his idea of the human’s “total substance,” and the Paracelsans.
• J.M. Forrester and J. Henry (trans.), Jean Fernel’s On the Hidden Causes of Things: Forms, Souls, and Occult Diseases in Renaissance Medicine (Leiden: 2005).
• B. Copenhaver, Symphorien Champier and the Reception of the Occultist Tradition in Renaissance France (The Hague: 1979).
• A.G. Debus, The French Paracelsians: The Chemical Challenge to Medical and Scientific Tradition in Early Modern France (Cambridge: 1991).
• G. Giglioni, “Symphorien Champier on Medicine, Theology, and Politics,” in S. Gersh (ed.), Plotinus’ Legacy: the Transformation of Platonism from the Renaissance to the Modern Era (Cambridge: 2019), 96-124.
• H. Hirai, “Jean Fernel and his Christian Platonic Interpretation of Galen,” in H. Hirai, Medical Humanism and Natural Philosophy: Renaissance Debates on Matter, Life and the Soul (Leiden: 2011), 46-79.
• A. Wear, R.K. French, and I.M. Lonie (eds), The Medical Renaissance of the Sixteenth Century (Cambridge: 1985), 175-94.