40. American Africans: Early Black Institutions in the US
Building black institutions in early American history, with Prince Hall and the Masons in Boston, and Richard Allen and the Methodists in Philadelphia.
• W. Andrews, Three Black Women’s Autobiographies of the Nineteenth Century: Sisters of the Spirit (Bloomington: 1986).
• R. Newman, P. Rael, and P. Lapsansky (eds), Pamphlets of Protest: An Anthology of Early African-American Protest Literature, 1790-1860 (New York: 2001).
• D. Porter, Early Negro Writing, 1760-1837 (Boston: 1971).
• J. Brooks, “Prince Hall, Freemasonry, and Genealogy,” African American Review 34 (2000), 197-216.
• J.O. Horton and L.E. Horton, In Hope of Liberty: Culture, Community and Protest among Northern Free Blacks, 1700–1860 (New York: 1997).
• W. Moses, The Golden Age of Black Nationalism (Hampden CT: 1978).
• G.B. Nash, The Forgotten Fifth: African Americans in the Age of Revolution (Cambridge MA: 2006).
• R.S. Newman, Freedom’s Prophet: Bishop Richard Allen, the AME Church, and the Black Founding Fathers (New York: 2008).
• J. Sidbury, Becoming African in America: Race and Nation in the Early Black Atlantic (Oxford: 2007).
• C.H. Wesley, Prince Hall: Life and Legacy, 2nd ed. (Washington DC: 1983).