40. American Africans: Early Black Institutions in the US

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Building black institutions in early American history, with Prince Hall and the Masons in Boston, and Richard Allen and the Methodists in Philadelphia.



Further Reading

W. Andrews, Three Black Women’s Autobiographies of the Nineteenth Century: Sisters of the Spirit (Bloomington: 1986).

• R. Newman, P. Rael, and P. Lapsansky (eds), Pamphlets of Protest: An Anthology of Early African-American Protest Literature, 1790-1860 (New York: 2001).

• D. Porter, Early Negro Writing, 1760-1837 (Boston: 1971).


• J. Brooks, “Prince Hall, Freemasonry, and Genealogy,” African American Review 34 (2000), 197-216.

• J.O. Horton and L.E. Horton, In Hope of Liberty: Culture, Community and Protest among Northern Free Blacks, 1700–1860 (New York: 1997).

• W. Moses, The Golden Age of Black Nationalism (Hampden CT: 1978).

• G.B. Nash, The Forgotten Fifth: African Americans in the Age of Revolution (Cambridge MA: 2006).

• R.S. Newman, Freedom’s Prophet: Bishop Richard Allen, the AME Church, and the Black Founding Fathers (New York: 2008).

• J. Sidbury, Becoming African in America: Race and Nation in the Early Black Atlantic (Oxford: 2007).

• C.H. Wesley, Prince Hall: Life and Legacy, 2nd ed. (Washington DC: 1983).


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