40. Mind out of Matter: Materialist Theories of the Self
Pāyasi and the Cārvāka anticipate modern-day theories of mind by arguing that there is no independent soul; rather thought emerges from the body.
• W. Bollée, The Story of Paesi (Paesi-kahāṇayaṃ): Soul and Body in Ancient India. A Dialogue on Materialism (Wiesbaden: 2002).
• R. Bhattacharya, “Lokāyata Darśana and a Comparative Study with Greek Materialism,” in P. Ghose (ed.), Materialism and Immaterialism in India and the West: Varying Vistas (Delhi: 2010), 21–34.
• D. Chattopadhyaya, Defence of Materialism in Ancient India (New Delhi: 1989).
• J. Ganeri, “Emergentisms, Ancient and Modern,” Mind 120 (2011), 671-703.
• K.K. Mittal, Materialism in Indian Thought (New Delhi: 1974).
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Indian Materialism