55. Doors of Perception: Dignāga on Consciousness

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Dignāga argues that all perception is accompanied by self-awareness.



Further Reading

• C. Coseru, Perceiving Reality: Consciousness, Intentionality, and Cognition in Classical Buddhist Philosophy (New York: 2012).

• J. Ganeri, “Self-Intimation, Memory and Personal Identity,” Journal of Indian Philosophy 27 (1999), 469-83.

• B. Kellner, “Self-Awareness (svasaṃvedana) in Dignāga’s Pramāṇasamuccaya and -vṛtti: a Close Reading,” Journal of Indian Philosophy 38 (2010), 203–31.

• B. Kellner, “Infinite Regress Arguments (anavasthā) in Connection with Self-Awareness (svasaṃvedana): a Closer Look at Dignāga and Dharmakīrti,” Journal of Indian Philosophy 39 (2011), 411–26.

• M. MacKenzie, “The Illumination of Consciousness: Approaches to Self-Awareness in the Indian and Western Traditions,” Philosophy East and West 57 (2007), 40-62.

• M. MacKenzie, “Self-Awareness Without a Self: Buddhism and the Reflexivity of Awareness,” Asian Philosophy 18 (2008), 245-66.

• E. Thompson, “Self, No Self? Memory and Reflexive Awareness,” in M. Siderits et al. (eds), Self, No Self? (Oxford: 2011), 157–76.

• P. Williams, The Reflexive Nature of Awareness: a Tibetan Madhyamaka Defence (Richmond: 1998).


Noctua on 19 December 2017

Music of the Spheres

I really enjoy your references to music within the podcasts. Do you play an instrument and/or have a passion for music history?

In reply to by Noctua

Peter Adamson on 19 December 2017


I used to play piano back in my teenaged days though I was never very good. I suppose my interest in music (at an intellectual level) is more via my interest in the history of philosophy since the two disciplines were so closely intertwined (as we learned e.g. in episode 133). But I also love certain genres of music like soul and funk music, hence the occasional references to that.

In reply to by Peter Adamson

Noctua on 19 December 2017

Musica Universalis

Thank you for that wonderful episode (#133) on music and philosophy. I hadn't heard it before, but went back and listened after you mentioned it. So very helpful and illuminating - and now "I Feel Good"!

In reply to by Noctua

Peter Adamson on 20 December 2017

James Brown

... I knew that you would now.

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