109. Say It Loud: Black Power

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How the controversial slogan “black power,” used by activists like H. Rap Brown and Stokely Carmichael (pictured), relates to ideas of militancy, separatism, and the power of language.



Further Reading

• H.R. Brown, Die Ni**er Die! A Political Autobiography of Jamil Abdullah al-Amin (Chicago: 2002, originally published 1969).

• S. Carmichael (later K. Ture), Stokely Speaks: from Black Power to Pan-Africanism (Chicago: 1971).

• S. Carmichael (later K. Ture) and C.V. Hamilton, Black Power: the Politics of Liberation in America (New York: 1992, originally published 1967).

• S. Carmichael and E.M. Thelwell, Ready for Revolution: the Life and Struggles of Stokely Carmichael [Kwame Ture] (New York: 2003).


• C. Johnson, Revolutionaries to Race Leaders: Black Power and the Making of African American Politics (Minneapolis: 2007).

• P. Joseph (ed.), The Black Power Movement: Rethinking the Civil Rights-Black Power Era (New York: 2006).

• P. Joseph, Waiting ’Til the Midnight Hour: A Narrative History of Black Power in America (New York: 2006).

• J.O.G. Ogbar, Black Power: Radical Politics and African American Identity (Baltimore: 2019).

• B.M. Terry, "Stokely Carmichael and the Longing for Black Liberation: Black Power and Beyond," in M.L. Rogers and J. Turner (eds), African American Political Thought: A Collected History (Chicago: 2021), 593-630.

Time Magazine: "The Many Lives of H. Rap Brown"


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