74. Black Star: Marcus Garvey

Posted on 18 April 2021

Marcus Garvey leads a powerful movement, inspires racial pride, and feuds with other thinkers like Du Bois.

Further Reading

• E.U. Essien-Odom and A.J. Garvey (eds), Philosophy and opinions of Marcus Garvey, or Africa for the Africans (London: 1967, 1977).

• R.A. Hill (ed.), The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers (Berkeley: 1983-)

• J.L. Conyers, Reevaluating the Pan-Africanism of W. E. B. Du Bois and Marcus Garvey: Escapist Fantasy or Relevant Reality (Lewiston: 2005).

• E.D. Cronon, The Story of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association (Madison: 1960).

• R.L. Crowder, John Edward Bruce: Politician, Journalist, and Self-Trained Historian of the African Diaspora (New York: 2004).

• C. Grant, Negro With a Hat: the Rise and Fall of Marcus Garvey (Oxford: 2008).

• T. Martin, Literary Garveyism: Garvey, Black Arts and the Harlem Renaissance (Dover MA: 1983).

• W.J. Moses, Classical Black Nationalism: from the American Revolution to Marcus Garvey (New York: 1996).

• W.J. Moses, Creative Conflict in African American thought: Frederick Douglass, Alexander Crummell, Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. Du Bois, and Marcus Garvey (Cambridge: 2004).

• J. Stein, The World of Marcus Garvey: Race and Class in Modern Society (Baton Rouge: 1986).



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