75. Now I Have a Rival: the Two Amy Garveys

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Marcus Garvey’s two wives, Amy Ashwood Garvey and Amy Jacques Garvey (pictured), establish themselves as activists in their own right and provide feminist voices within the Pan-African movement.



Further Reading

• A.J. Garvey, Garvey and Garveyism (Kingston: 1963).

• L.J. Parascandola (ed.), Amy Jacques Garvey: Selected Writings from The Negro World, 1923–1928 (Knoxville: 2016).


• K.S. Adler, “‘Always Leading Our Men in Service and Sacrifice’: Amy Jacques Garvey, Feminist Black Nationalist,” Gender and Society 6 (1992), 346-75.

• M.D. Matthews, “‘Our Women and What They Think’: Amy Jacques Garvey and The Negro World,” The Black Scholar 10 (1979), 2-13.

B. Satter, “Marcus Garvey, Father Divine and the Gender Politics of Race Difference and Race Neutrality,” American Quarterly 48 (1996), 43-76.

• U.Y. Taylor, The Veiled Garvey: The Life and Times of Amy Jacques Garvey (Chapel Hill: 2002).

• T. Martin, Amy Ashwood Garvey (Dover MA: 2007).


Archived copies of the Negro World, featuring many editorials by Amy Jacques Garvey


Short, rather breathtaking video of Amy Jacques Garvey speaking

Longer video of Amy Jacques Garvey talking about Marcus Garvey


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Africana Philosophy in the Twentieth Century

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