7. Uncrowned King: Kongzi (Confucius) and the Analects

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An introduction to Kongzi, the founder of Confucianism, and to the text that has come to represent his thought, the Lunyu (Analects).



Further Reading

• M. Nylan (trans.), The Five “Confucian” Classics (New Haven: 2001).

• E. Slingerland (trans.), Confucius: Analects (Indianapolis: 2003).



• A.-P. Chin, The Authentic Confucius: a Life of Thought and Politics (New York: 2007).

• W. De Bary, The Trouble with Confucianism (Cambridge MA: 1991)

• H. Fingarette, Confucius: The Secular as Sacred (New York: 1972)

• D. Gardner, Confucianism: A Very Short Introduction (New York: 2014).

• P.R. Goldin, Confucianism (London: 2011).

• P.R. Goldin (ed.), A Concise Companion to Confucius (Oxford: 2017).

• D.L. Hall and R.T. Ames, Thinking Through Confucius (Albany: 1987).

• C. Harbsmeier, “Confucius Ridens: Humor in The Analects,” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 50 (1990), 131-61.

• Y. Huang, Confucius: A Guide for the Perplexed (London: 2013).

• M. Hunter and M. Kern (eds), Confucius and the Analects Revisited: New Perspectives on Composition, Dating, and Authorship (Leiden: 2018).

• M. Nylan and T. Wilson, Lives of Confucius: Civilization’s Greatest Sage through the Ages (New York: 2010).

• A. Olberding (ed.), Dao Companion to the Analects (Dordrecht: 2014).

• J. Oldstone-Moore (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Confucianism (Oxford: 2023).

• H. Stumpfeldt, “Thinking Beyond the ‘Sayings’: Comments About Sources Concerning the Life and Teachings of Confucius (551-479),” Oriens Extremus 49 (2010), 3-27.

• B.W. Van Norden (ed.), Confucius and Analects: New Essays (Oxford: 2002).

• X. Yao (ed.), Encyclopedia of Confucianism (London: 2003).

• N. Zufferey, To the Origins of Confucianism: The Ru in Pre-Qin Times and During the Han Dynasty (Bern: 2003).

Confucius,” online on the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy


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